On anamnesa/examination by health workers, on a sore throat usually brings about changes in the area of the throat. These changes, among others, in the form of the appearance of redness on the walls of the throat, swelling, the incidence of rash-rash, and in severe cases can appear pus, water bubbles that form irregular nodule, as well as the presence of a membrane covering the channel respiratory. The throat is upper respiratory tract which are instrumental in the respiratory system. Additionally the throat also was instrumental in forming the various sounds and it can open close automatically to adjust so that the food does not get into the respiratory tract.
The various causes of sore throat Occurs most frequently
The throat is composed of different parts, i.e. the pharynx, Epiglottis, uvula, tonsils, tonsils and larynx/. So the failure of one of the sections can cause inflammation of the throat. But in General, inflammation of the throat is used to describe inflammation of the pharynx/throat the top so often referred to as pharyngitis. The various causes of sore throat, among others, namely as follows:
Bacterial causes of sore throat is the most common. Bacteria that can cause sore throat, among others, namely arcanobacterium haemolyticum, streptococcus, bordetella pertussis, and corynebacterium diphteriae. Streptococcus causes a disease that is often referred to as strep throat that is sore throat which often occurs in children. The bacteria causes the wall of the throat like arcanobacterium wounds or rashes on the discovery at the throat.
Bordetella pertussis disease is the cause of pertussis or whooping cough. Meanwhile the corynebacterium diphteriae is a bacterium that causes diphtheria disease that is deadly disease that attacks mucous membranes nose and throat and especially very vulnerable suffered by children who have not got immunization complete coupled with nutritional status. The bacteria that cause strep throat could be everywhere, especially in places with poor sanitation.
Viral infections may also be the cause of sore throat either directly (primary) or indirect (secondary). Viruses that can cause sore throat, among others, i.e. influenza, mononucleosis, apthous stomatitis virus, croup, and measles. The virus generally causes the presence of mucus in the throat so that it triggers the onset of inflammation. The virus is easily transmitted microorganism that compared to other microorganisms. In the case of strep throat, transmission typically occurs through droplets (a liquid resulting when coughing or sneezing).
In addition to bacteria and viruses, microorganisms fungi apparently can also be the cause of sore throat. A fungus that can cause sore throat, namely oral trush. The fungus is common in secondary infections in HIV/Aids penerita. In normal conditions this fungus can be easily overcome by the immune system of the body.
4. allergic Factors
Causes of sore throat the next IE due to allergies. Allergy is a hypersensitivity/excessive response of the body against substances/objects. Allergies occur due to disorders of the immune system of the body. Allergic responses can vary between people with one another. Substances that may cause any allergies of course also vary. Substances/objects that can trigger allergies and cause inflammation of the throat, among others, namely certain foods (such as cow's milk, soy milk, seafood, eggs, etc), exposure to chemicals, pollen, animal fur, and so on.
Some substances are irritants can also be the cause of sore throat. Substances that can irritate the throat causing inflammation, among others, namely smoking, fried foods, foods that contain a flavor enhancer, food that is too spicy, and alcoholic beverages. Substances or foodstuffs are usually may cause irritation due to accumulate in large quantities, are toxic/poison, or occurs when the body's endurance were declining.
Dehydration or lack of fluids in the body turns can also be the cause of sore throat. Because at the time the shortage of body fluids, then the throat will become dry. At the time of the dry throat, then it will be prone to throat inflammation. Dehydration can be caused due to lack of fluid intake on the body or when the weather is very hot. Therefore cukupi your daily fluid intake by drinking at least eight glasses of water per day. With enough water needs can also launch the metabolism and increases the durability of the body.
7. Environmental factors
Environmental factors also provide considerable participation in terms of causes of a sore throat. Adverse environmental conditions will certainly cause a variety of health problems, including sore throat. Environmental factors that can lead to the occurrence of inflammations of tenggokan among others, namely motor vehicle smoke, smoke, smoke factory results burning trash or forest fire, dust, or water quality are not good. In addition to weather factors can also trigger the onset of strep throat that usually occur due to extreme weather, such as the weather is too cold or too hot.
8. The presence of a tumor or cancer
Strep throat can also be caused by the presence of the tumor/cancer. Although his case is rare, but should always look out for. Sore throat on tumor/cancer is usually a part of both symptoms occur due to secondary effects due to the presence of the tumor/cancer. This type of tumor/cancer that can cause the symptoms of strep throat include namely cancer of the pharynx, the larynx, the vocal cords, tongue, cancer of the lymph nodes, and so on. Symptoms in General, among others, namely in the form of pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, noisy breathing, there is a lump in the neck, cough up phlegm so, and the presence of blood in the saliva. In addition to the tumor/cancer of the tonsils, or tonsillitis can also cause inflammation of the throat. Read also: Throat cancer symptoms to look out for.
After knowing the cause of a sore throat as already mentioned above, then you certainly can do prevention in order to avoid viewing of the inflammatory disease of the throat. Preventative measures can be carried out, among others, namely by avoiding the habit of smoking, avoid the factors precipitating allergies, avoid fried foods or foods that contain lots of ingredients flavor enhancer, drinking plenty of water, and exercise are a regular basis to increase the durability of the body. In addition wear masks to protect themselves from transmission of microorganisms causes sore throat especially in crowded places or can also be used to avoid exposure to dust and air pollution. To treat a sore throat, can use the natural way for example use a concoction of ginger, lemon and honey, garlic, fruit and star fruit. If sore throat that you suffer failed to recover, then the sebabaiknya consult your physician in order to note the cause and get the proper therapy.
This is the cause of a sore throat is the most common Occurs
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